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射手 means archer, shooter, or marksman in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja.
Depending on context, it can also mean "goal getter" in Chinese. This would also be the word for bowman.
射手 is kind of modern in Asia, meaning that it's only been in use for a few hundred years. However, the more ancient version of archer is often not even recognized by the current generation of Chinese and Japanese people.
The first character means "shoot" or "fire" (in the context of a gun or bow). It's also a suffix for radioactive things (in the context of chemistry) - radioactive things "fire off" electrons. In Japanese, that first Kanji is a short name and suffix for archery.
The second character means "hand" but hand can also mean a person, in the same way, that "farmhand" is a person in English.
弋人 is the ancient way to write archer in both Chinese, Korean and Japanese.
If you carried a bow into battle in an army of ancient Asia, this would be your title.
Note: 弋人 is an antiquated term that is rarely used in modern Chinese, Korean or Japanese. Beyond archer, this can also mean a ceremonial hunter in Japanese.
Note: This title is so old, that most Asian people will not recognize this as a normal word. It has not been in regular use for many generations.
弓箭手 is how to write "archer" in modern Chinese.
弓箭手 mean "bow arrow hand."
There are other ways to write "archer" in Chinese, but this is probably the most common title for modern China. The other, less-common version of archer, is also more universal, in that it has the same meaning in Japanese (this one is not used in Japan).
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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Archer||射手||i te / sha shu|
ite / shashu
|shè shǒu / she4 shou3 / she shou / sheshou|
|Archer||弋人||yokujin||yì rén / yi4 ren2 / yi ren / yiren||i jen / ijen|
|Archer||弓箭手||gōng jiàn shǒu|
gong1 jian4 shou3
gong jian shou
|kung chien shou
|ā chè / a1 che4 / a che / ache||a ch`e / ache / a che|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.